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International time changeover - Which countries observe the time changeover?



The time changeover is by no means internationally uniformly regulated. It is currently observed by less than 40% of all countries worldwide. Countries near the equator, in particular, generally do not use it, since the duration of sunlight here is subject to much less fluctuation in the course of the year than in the direction of the poles.

In addition, the time change is always the subject of discussion and has been introduced at least once by the majority of countries in the world - but also abolished by many. In Germany - the first country in the world to introduce summer time - it has also been introduced and abolished several times.

In Muslim countries, on the other hand, it is often customary to suspend summer time during Ramadan and then continue it.

In addition, summer time and time zones have repeatedly been used by governments to demonstrate sovereignty and the ability to act with relatively simple means - as recently demonstrated by Kim Jong Un, who postponed North Korea's time zone by half an hour, thus replacing North Korea by the 'Pyongyang time' imposed by the 'vicious Japanese imperialists'.

To this day there have been countless petitions, referendums and bills on the subject. Here are just a few examples:

  • At the end of March 2019, the EU Parliament voted by a large majority in favour of abolishing the time changeover from 2021.
    The last time changeover is to take place in spring 2021. EU countries that want to keep the standard time permanently will change their watches for the last time in autumn 2021.

  • In Western Australia there was a referendum in 2009 to continue summer time after a three-year test period. In 2008, a special party was founded in Queensland, the DS4SEQ (Daylight Saving for South East Queensland Party), whose only topic was the introduction of summer time in Qeensland.

  •  In 2008, 72% of Jersey's citizens opposed the introduction of CET. On the island, which is owned by the British Crown but not part of the United Kingdom, Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is observed in accordance with England, although the island is only 22 kilometres off the French coast. Advocates of the move to GMT argued with environmental and tourism benefits, while opponents fear economic disadvantages as Jersey is heavily dependent on its financial sector and works closely with England here - switching to GMT would mean shifting working hours against each other. Another aspect of the discussion is cultural. Many Jersey residents see their lifestyle closer to France and the continent, others have expressed their loyalty to the UK by saying 'no' to the referendum.

  • Usually the clocks in the Palestinian territories of Gaza and the West Bank are changed at the same time,
        However, 2008, 2009 and 2010 were set different dates, which led to chaos especially in Jerusalem, Gaza City and Ramallah in relation to Ramadan.

  • In the British Parliament, double summer time - i.e. the change of clocks by one hour and thus the alignment with Central European Time - has already been discussed several times, but has so far always been rejected after often heated debate. The Scots, in particular, have always rejected this, as it would mean that in some regions of Scotland the sun would not rise until 10 a.m.

In the following an overview of all countries and regions of the earth, which use a summer time regulation:



 A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 
 Country  UTC offset  DST beginns  DST ends
 Albania
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Andorra
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Armenia
 +4  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 
Australia
 South
 +9,5  1st sunday after
1.october (06.10.19)
 1st sunday after
01.april (07.04.20)
 New South Wales
 +10  1st sunday after
1.october (06.10.19)
 1st sunday after
01.april (07.04.20)
 Australian Capital Territory
 +10  1st sunday after
1.october (06.10.19)
 1st sunday after
01.april (07.04.20)
 Victoria
 +10  1st sunday after
1.october (06.10.19)
 1st sunday after
01.april (07.04.20)
 Tasmania
 +10  1st sunday after
1.october (06.10.19)
 1st sunday after
01.april (07.04.20)
 Austria
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Azerbaijan
 +4  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Bahamas
 -5  2nd sunday after
1.march (10.03.19)
 first sunday after
1.november (03.11.19)
 Belarus
 +2  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Belgium
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Bosnia-Herzegovina
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 
Brazil
 West
 -5  third saturday after
1.october (19.10.19)
 2nd saturday after
1.february (08.02.20)
 Coast
 -3  3rd sunday after
1.october (20.10.19)
 3rd sunday after
01.february (17.02.20)
 Bulgaria
 +2  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 
Canada
 Pacific Standard Time
 -8  2nd sunday after
1.march (10.03.19)
 first sunday after
1.november (03.11.19)
 Mountain Standard Time
 -7  2nd sunday after
1.march (10.03.19)
 first sunday after
1.november (03.11.19)
 Central Standard Time
 -6  2nd sunday after
1.march (10.03.19)
 first sunday after
1.november (03.11.19)
 Eastern Standard Time
 -5  2nd sunday after
1.march (10.03.19)
 first sunday after
1.november (03.11.19)
 Atlantic Standard Time
 -4  2nd sunday after
1.march (10.03.19)
 first sunday after
1.november (03.11.19)
 Newfoundland
 -3,5  2nd sunday after
1.march (10.03.19)
 first sunday after
1.november (03.11.19)
 Chile
 -3  14.8.2016  14.5.2017
 Croatia
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Cuba
 -5  2nd saturday after
2.march (09.03.19)
 last sunday before
01.november (27.10.19)
 Cyprus
 +2  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Czech Republic
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 
Denmark
 Denmark
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Greenland
 -3  last saturday before
1.april (30.03.19)
 last saturday before
1.november (26.10.19)
 Egypt
 +2  last friday before
01.may (26.04.19)
 last friday before
01.october (27.09.19)
 Estonia
 +2  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Fiji
 +12  3rd sunday after
01.october (20.10.19)
 1st sunday after
01.march (03.03.20)
 Finland
 +2  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 France
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
01.november (27.10.19)
 Georgia
 +4  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Germany
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
01.november (27.10.19)
 Greece
 +2  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Hungary
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Iran
 +3,5  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 21.9.2009
 Ireland
 0  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Israel
 +2  27.3.2009  27.9.2009
 Italy
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Jordan
 +2  last thursday before
1.april (28.03.19)
 last friday before
1.november (25.10.19)
 Latvia
 +2  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Lebanon
 +2  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Liechtenstein
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Lithuania
 +2  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Luxembourg
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Macedonia
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Malta
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 
Mexico
 Quintana Roo
 -6  first sunday after
1.april (07.04.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Baja California Norte
 -8  first sunday after
1.april (07.04.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaola, Nayarit
 -7  first sunday after
1.april (07.04.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Central and Western
 -6  first sunday after
1.april (07.04.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Moldova
 +2  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Monaco
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Montenegro
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Morocco
 0  3.4.2011  31.7.2011
 Namibia
 +1  first sunday after
1.september (01.09.19)
 first sunday after
1.april (07.04.20)
 Netherlands
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 New Zealand
 +12  last sunday before
1.october (29.09.19)
 first sunday after
1.april (07.04.20)
 Norway
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Pakistan
 +5  31.5.2008  31.10.2008
 Palestine
 +2  last thursday before
1.april (28.03.19)
 last thursday before
1.september (29.08.19)
 Paraguay
 -4  1st saturday after
1.october (05.10.19)
 1st saturday after
1.march (02.03.20)
 Poland
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Portugal
 0  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Romania
 +2  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 
Russian Federation
 Krasnojarsk
 +7  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Samoa
 -11  last sunday before
01.october (29.09.19)
 1st sunday after
01.april (07.04.20)
 San Marino
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Serbia
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Slovak Republic
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Slovenia
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Spain
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Sweden
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Switzerland
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Syria
 +2  27.3.2009  1.11.2009
 Tonga
 13  last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 last sunday before
22.january (20.01.20)
 Turkey
 +2  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 UK
 0  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
01.november (27.10.19)
 
USA
 Alaska Standard Time
 -9  2nd sunday after
1.march (10.03.19)
 1st sunday after
31.october (03.11.19)
 Pacific Standard Time
 -8  2nd sunday after
1.march (10.03.19)
 1st sunday after
31.october (03.11.19)
 Mountain Standard Time
 -7  2nd sunday after
1.march (10.03.19)
 first sunday after
1.november (03.11.19)
 Central Standard Time
 -6  2nd sunday after
1.march (10.03.19)
 1st sunday after
31.october (03.11.19)
 Eastern Standard Time
 -5  2nd sunday after
1.march (10.03.19)
 1st sunday after
31.october (03.11.19)
 Ukraine
 +2  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Vatican City State
 +1  last sunday before
1.april (31.03.19)
 last sunday before
1.november (27.10.19)
 Western Sahara
 0  31.5.2008  31.8.2008

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