|housing diameter:||43 mm|
|housing height:||12 mm|
The most robust watch crystals are made out of sapphire glass. Only diamonds and carbide is harder and can scratch sapphire glass. Of course there are other materials such as some metals and stones which will scratch your sapphire glass crystal, so it is not wise to expect the watch to handle any abuse without getting marked. Sapphire has one downside though, it is highly reflective. Some watches receive an anti-glare coating to compensate for this, but sadly this coating is less hard and will scratch more easily.glass
A perpetual calendar is a calendar that will give you the day of the week at any date in any year. So it would tell you for example that January the 11th in 2023 is a Wednesday. This works because the only part of the day and date never repeats itself: the year. Days, weeks, months all keep repeating themselves throughout their cycle. This can be used to fit a calendar into a watch that will continue to proceed through these cycles and never run out. Plus it gives you the day of the week.
Water tightness or impermeability, surprisingly enough, is the degree to which you can expose your watch to the element water. A watch can be water repellent to a variety of degrees, from surviving the odd splash, to keeping the watch fully functioning long after your crushed body has hit the ocean floor. Please note that these are always theoretical values. Water behaves very differently at different temperatures and with varying salinity. So we took our crayons and made you this rough guide (which, by the way, is in no way legally binding and we will not be held accountable for your watch if you ruin it)::
FYI: 10m is 1 bar is (roughly) 33 ft is (exactly) 0.986923267 atm